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Garbage Collection, the visual difference from Java 8 and Java 11

Having a quick look at how the same application behaves under Java 8 and Java 11 we can see there's a noticeable difference in how GC works, this is due to the change in the default GC engine, as detailed below.

Here it is, visually represented thanks to VisualVM, the difference in how the two GC engines operate:



Java 11:




Starting from Java 9, the default garbage collector (GC) was changed from Parallel GC to G1 (see JEP 248). This change has performance implications, as described in the JEP motivation:

“Limiting GC pause times is, in general, more important than maximizing throughput. Switching to a low-pause collector such as G1 should provide a better overall experience, for most users, than a throughput-oriented collector such as the Parallel GC, which is currently the default.”

In other words, the Parallel GC is optimized for throughput at the expense of longer GC pauses, whereas the new default G1 GC is optimized for shorter GC pauses at the expense of lower throughput.

GigaSpaces benchmarking confirms this assertion. We evaluated GigaSpaces products with the following Java configurations and results:

  • Java 11 and no GC configuration: throughput is lower.
  • Java 11 and Parallel GC: throughput is the same as in systems using Java 8.
  • Java 8 and G1 GC: throughput is the same as in systems using Java 11 with the default GC.

Use the following Java options to explicitly set a garbage collector:

  • Parallel GC: -XX:+UseParallelGC
  • G1 GC: -XX:+UseG1GC

For more information about garbage collection in Java-based systems, see Oracle’s Garbage Collection Tuning Guide for Java 11.

Conclusion: When upgrading to Java 11, it is important to be aware of the new default GC mechanism, and to choose the one that best serves your application requirements. If your configuration already explicitly sets the GC mechanism, this GC will be the one used with Java 11.



Linux distros - choose yours! / Distribuzioni Linux da me provate

Il mondo di Linux è sempre ricco di novità, colori, sapori differenti ed esperienze diverse per ogni utente; da quando ho iniziato ad usare Linux Ubuntu ed a trovarmici bene sono stato incuriosito dal mondo dei sistemi operativi open-source ed ho dedicato parte del mio tempo a provare, testare, installare (e promuovere) questi sistemi;

ecco di seguito una carrellata della mia esperienza con le distribuzioni Linux, caratteristiche e personali osservazioni...

Leggi tutto...Linux distros - choose yours! / Distribuzioni...

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Nome: Andrea
Cognome: Schiffo
Data e luogo di nascita: 6/9/86 a S.Daniele del Friuli
Residenza: Ciconicco di Fagagna (UD) - Italy
Studi: Laurea Triennale in Informatica presso Uniud
Occupazione: QA Automation Engineer @ Xanadu
Interessi: CICLISMO!, tecnologia/comunicazione, informatica, cultura, volontariato

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